After some 23 German Nazi Medical Doctors were tried for crimes against humanity for the human experiments they carried out on unwilling prisoners of war and mentally disabled children, the Nuremberg Codes were created. The U.S. Government codified them into U.S. law.
What Are The Nuremberg Code’s Ethical Guidelines For Research?
The Nuremberg Code’s goal was to create universal standards to protect humans from enduring the cruelty and exploitation the prisoners endured in concentration camps. The 10 elements of the code are:
- Voluntary consent is essential
- The results of any experiment must be for the greater good of society
- Human experiments should be based on previous animal experimentation
- Experiments should be conducted by avoiding physical/mental suffering and injury
- No experiments should be conducted if it is believed to cause death/disability
- The risks should never exceed the benefits
- Adequate facilities should be used to protect subjects
- Experiments should be conducted only by qualified scientists
- Subjects should be able to end their participation at any time
- The scientist in charge must be prepared to terminate the experiment when injury, disability, or death is likely to occur
Yet less than 45 years later, the U.S. government, led by Dr. Fauci from the National Institutes of Health’s infectious disease, would be the focus of Congressional investigations into Fauci’s Aids treatments and vaccines tests conducted on American children. But these were foster children, orphans and mentally disabled children. more